Connacht is one of the four Provinces of Ireland situated in the west of the country. In Ancient Ireland, it was one of the fifths ruled by a 'king of over-kings'. The name Connacht comes from the medieval ruling dynasty, the Connacht, later Connachta, whose name means 'descendants of Conn' from the mythical king Conn of the Hundred Battles. Connacht has the greatest number of native Irish speakers, between 5 - 10% of the population and particularly prevalent in Galway and Mayo.

The highest point of Connacht is Mweelrea at 814 metres, in County Mayo. The largest island in Connacht (and Ireland) is Achill. The biggest lake is Lough Corrib. Much of the west coast at Connemara and Erris is ruggedly inhospitable and not conducive for agriculture. It contains the main mountainous areas in Connacht, including the Twelve Bens, Maumturks, Mweelrea, Croagh Patrick, Nephin Beg, Ox Mountains, and Dartry Mountains. Killary Harbour, one of only three fjords in Ireland, is located at the foot of Mweelrea. Connemara National Park is in County Galway. The Aran Islands, featuring prehistoric forts such as DĂșn Aonghasa, have been a regular tourist destination since the 19th century.

Inland areas such as east Galway, Roscommon and Sligo have enjoyed greater historical population density due to better agricultural land and infrastructure. Rivers and lakes include the River Moy, River Corrib, the Shannon, Lough Mask, Lough Melvin, Lough Allen and Lough Gill. The largest urban area in Connacht is Galway, with a population of 77,000. Other large towns in Connacht are Sligo, Castlebar and Ballina.

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Leinster is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the east of Ireland. This eastern province is home to the Republic of Ireland’s capital city Dublin, originally founded by the Vikings. The traditional flag of Leinster features a golden harp on a green background.

Leinster is now the most populated province on the island, with over half the population of the Republic of Ireland living there. The area was heavily colonised over the centuries and, as a result, it's home to many fine examples of medieval, Norman, Georgian and Neolithic architecture. Carlow, Dublin, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Longford, Louth, Meath, Offaly, Westmeath, Wexford and Wicklow are the counties that make up the Leinster region.The traditional flag of Leinster features a golden harp on a green background.

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Munster is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the south of Ireland.
Geographically, Munster covers a total area of 24,675 km2 and has a population of 1,246,088 with the most populated city being Cork. Other significant urban centres in the province include Limerick and Waterford.

Two of Ireland’s largest counties are on the southwest coast of Munster. They are Cork and Kerry, and both have their own names they like to go by. In Cork they consider themselves the 'People’s Republic of Cork', because if there is one thing people from Cork love, it’s Cork. It's also affectionately known as the gourmet county, because of its excellent culinary expertise. “The Kingdom of Kerry” next door has won the GAA All-Ireland Senior Football Championship more times than any other team. The lunar Burren and Cliffs of Moher are in County Clare and several ancient castles populate the counties of Limerick, Tipperary and Waterford. Waterford is renowned for its exquisite hand-cut crystal glass. Munster’s counties are Clare, Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary and Waterford.

The area is famed for Irish traditional music. There are many ancient castles and monasteries in the province; this coupled with the vast green countryside and three cities makes it a feature of the tourism industry. During the Fifth Century, St. Patrick spent seven years founding churches and ordaining priests in Munster, but a Fifth Century bishop named Ailbe is the patron saint of Munster.

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Ulster is one of the provinces of Ireland, located in the north of the island. The biggest lake in the British Isles, Lough Neagh, lies in eastern Ulster. The province's highest point, Slieve Donard (848 metres), stands in County Down. The most northerly point in Ireland, Malin Head, is in County Donegal, as are the sixth-highest (601 metres) sea cliffs in Europe, at Slieve League. The northernmost point in Ireland is in County Donegal, the most easterly point in Ireland is in County Down, and the most westerly point in the UK is in County Fermanagh. The longest river in the British Isles, the Shannon, rises at the Shannon Pot in County Cavan with underground tributaries from County Fermanagh. Volcanic activity in eastern Ulster led to the formation of the Antrim Plateau and the Giant's Causeway, one of the UK's 28 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The geographical centre of Ulster lies between the villages of Pomeroy and Carrickmore in County Tyrone. In terms of area, County Donegal is the largest county in all of Ulster.

The combined influences of several different cultures (the Ulster Scots, the Gaels, the Normans and the Anglo-Normans) have sculpted and coloured the Ulster landscape in a particularly unique manner. Natural beauties such as Donegal’s Glenveagh National Park, the Mourne Mountains in County Down, Fermanagh’s Lakelands and the Giant’s Causeway in Antrim, make this part of the island a spectacular place to visit. Meanwhile, the capital of Northern Ireland, Belfast city, played its part in making maritime history as the birthplace of the world's most famous ship: the Titanic. The province contains counties Antrim, Armagh, Cavan, Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry, Monaghan and Tyrone.

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